Vietnam Factbook

Before coming to Vietnam, why not find out a few facts and figures? This Vietnam Factbook can help you to understand the country and the people a little more and make your trip more enjoyable.

  • Basic Information
  • 54 Ethnic Groups
  • Weather and climate
  • Traditions, customs and rites
  • Festivals, Holidays and Recreation
  • Tales and Legends
  • International border entry/exit gates


Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Tonkin, and East Sea, and Cambodia.


Total Area: 329,560sp km (land: 325,360 sp km; water: 4,200 sp km)

Land boundaries: Total: 4,639 km (Border countries: Cambodia 1,228 km, China 1,281 km, Laos 2.130 km)

Coastline: 3,444 km (excluding islands)

Maritime claims: Territorial sea: 12 nm, Contiguous zone: 12 nm, Exclusive Economic Zone: 200 nm, Continental Shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin


Tropical in the South. Monsoonal in the North with hot rainy season (May to September) and warm, dry season ( October to March)


Low, flat delta in the South and North. Central Highlands are hilly. North and Northwest are mountainous

Elevation Extremes: Lowest point: East Sea 0m, Highest point: Fan Si Pan 3,144m


Natural Resources: phosphates, coal, manganese, bauxite, chromate offshore oil and gas deposits, forests, hydropower

Land Use: arable land: 20.14%, permanent crops: 6.93%, other: 72.93% (2005)

Irrigated Land: 30,000sp km (2003)

Natural Hazards

Occasional typhoons (May to January) with extensive flooding, especially in the Mekong River Delta.


International Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements.

Current Environmental Issues: logging and slash-and-burn agricultural practices contribute to deforestation and soil degradation; water pollution and overfishing threaten marine life populations; groundwater contamination limits potable water supply; growing urban industrialization and population migration are rapidly degrading the environment in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City.


Note: extending 1,650 km north to south, the country is only 50 km across at its narrowest point.


About 92 million (2013 est.)

Age structure: 0-14 years: 27% (male 11,826,457/female 10,983,069), 15-64 years: 67.1% (male 28,055,941/female 28,614,553), 65 years and over: 5.8% (male 1,924,562/female 2,998,384) (2006 est.)

Median age: total: 25.9 years, male: 24.8 years, female: 27.1 years (2006 est.)

Population growth rate: 1.02% (2006 est.)

Birth rate: 16.86 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Death rate: 6.22 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Net migration rate: -0.42 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Sex ratio: at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female, under 15 years: 1.08 male(s)/female, 15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female, 65 years and over: 0.64 male(s)/female, total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2006 est.)


Infant mortality rate: total: 25.14 deaths/1,000 live births (male: 25.54 deaths/1,000 live births, female: 24.72 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 70.85 years (male: 68.05 years, female: 73.85 years (2006 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.91 children born/woman (2006 est.)


Adult prevalence rate: 0.4% (2003 est.)

People living with HIV/AIDS: 220,000 (2003 est.)

Deaths: 9,000 (2003 est.)

Major Infectious Diseases

degree of risk: high (food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever, vector-borne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, Japanese encephalitis, and plague are high risks in some locations, animal contact disease: rabies, water contact disease: leptospirosis, note: at present, H5N1 avian influenza poses a minimal risk; during outbreaks among birds, rare cases could occur among US personnel who have close contact with infected birds or poultry (2005)


Noun: Vietnamese (singular and plural), adjective: Vietnamese.

Ethnic Groups

Kinh (Viet) 86.2%, Tay 1.9%, Thai 1.7%, Muong 1.5%, Khome 1.4%, Hoa 1.1%, Nun 1.1%, Hmong 1%, others 4.1% (1999 census)


Buddhist 9.3%, Catholic 6.7%, Hoa Hao 1.5%, Cao Dai 1.1%, Protestant 0.5%, Muslim 0.1%, none 80.8% (1999 census)


Vietnamese (official), English (second language), some French, Chinese, and Khmer; mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)


Definition: age 15 and over can read and write, total population: 90.3%, male: 93.9%, female: 86.9% (2002)

More information

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Source: Internet

Danny's been living in Vietnam for more than 16 years. He's toured the country from top to bottom, and is always excited to share his advice and discoveries with fellow travellers. He also runs Rent A Bike Vietnam, one of the country's most trusted motorbike rental companies, with shops in Hanoi, Da Nang and Ho Chi Minh City!

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